Obesity is turning into a very common disease in developed countries including infant population. Obesity is also the cause of other health problems such as diabetes, high levels of cholesterol, etc. which may also be controlled treating obesity surgically.
Obesity Surgery Unit and Metabolic Diseases
In CMED we have created a unit specific for patients with obesity combining gastroenterology, endocrinology and nutrition, psychology and surgery of the digestive system to achieve the best results with the greatest possible safety for the patient.
Not all obese patients are candidates to this type of treatments and not all of them can undergo the same type of process. After a thorough study by CMED’s team, patients with obesity can become candidates for bariatric-metabolic surgery.
Morbid obesity and its associated diseases
Severe clinical obesity or morbid obesity is a chronic disease characterized by the excess of fat deposition in the body in a permanent and progressive way and to which other serious pathologies (called co-morbidities) are added, such as:
- High cholesterol (hypercholesterolemia).
- Heart and coronary diseases.
- Sleep apnea.
- Fatty liver (hepatic steatosis).
People with severe obesity have between 1.5 and 2 times more possibilities to suffer one or more associated diseases. However, in the case of diabetes, risk is even higher: diabetes is between 10 and 40 times more frequent in people with obesity from moderate to morbid through serious.
Obesity is also associated to greater possibilities of suffering nearly any type of cancer but with special relevance breast cancer, ovary cancer, endometrium, colon, liver, pancreas, esophagus, stomach and kidney. Cancer mortality may increase over 50% in people with morbid obesity.
In addition to purely physical consequences there are also psychological. Negative skills tend to consider them clumsy, neglected and with little will. This damage is so intense that crosses age, religion, race and socio-economic barriers. Obese patients may suffer discrimination and social stress than can cause psychological alterations and anxiety.
Morbid obesity is a disease with a genetic component (between 25-50% of patients) as they have reduced proteins in fat cells which control satiety. It is not a disease caused by the absence of will. Obesity is multifunctional and influenced by genetic factors, family and social environment, culture, socioeconomic level and psychological situation.
How to calculate the level of obesity?
One of the ways to calculate the level of obesity of a patient is applying the formula of Body Mass Index.
The Body Mass Index (BMI) is a measure to associate weight and height of an individual.
Calculate your Body Mass Index
Your BMI is: